Dr. Kirsty Cochrane, St. Augustine's Vicarage, Tonge Moor, Bolton BL2 2QW.

1. A History of Story-telling, T.C. & E.C. Jack, 1909, p. ix.

2. Edgar Allan Poe. A Critical Study, Martin Secker, 1910, p. 77.

3. Oscar Wilde. A Critical Study, Martin Secker, 1912, p. 98.

4. A History of Story-Telling T.C. & E.C. Jack, p. 279.

5. Oscar Wilde. A Critical Study, Martin Secker, 1912, p. 100.

6. "Kinetic and Potential Speech: A Suggestion to Historians of Poetry" The Oxford and Cambridge Review, October 1911, p. 136.

7. Arthur Ransome. TSS 3, Brotherton Library, p. 3.

8. Quoted by AR in an autobiographical note. TSS, Brotherton Library.

9. Terms of narrative theory introduced by Roland Barthes and Tzvetan Todorov are well summarised in D.A.Miller, Narrative and its Discontents, Princeton U.P., 1981, p. 4ff.

10. Swallows and Amazons, p. 338.

11. Arthur Ransome, TSS3, Brotherton Library, p. 4.

12. MSS letter to Arthur Ransome, 8 August 1930, Brotherton Library.

13. Titty Altounyan to AR, December 28th 1930, Brotherton Library. During his visit to the Altounyans in Aleppo the following year Ransome was working on Peter Duck, which has just such a plot.

14. Cf. Squashy Hat, "Something about some game . . . Something about riding or leaping wasn't it?" (p. 351).

15. "The Child in Early Modern England". In Gillian Avery and Julia Briggs, eds., Children and their Books (1989), p. 343.

16. Swallows and Amazons, p. 364.

17. Swallows and Amazons, p. 228.

18. On TSS draft of Swallows and Amazons, Abbot Hall, Kendal.

19. Swallows and Amazons, p. 364.

20. Swallows and Amazons, p. 372.

21. AR's diary, 9 February 1936.Brotherton Library.

22. Letter to G.Wren Howard, May 16, 1960. Brotherton Library.

23. TSS prepared for The Junior Book of Authors, New York, p. 2. Brotherton Library.

24. G.Wren Howard to AR, May 15, 1930. Brotherton Library.

25. His unused illustrations for Swallows and Amazons are in the Ransome collection at the Brotherton Library.

26. AR, TSS Brotherton Library.

27. Titty Altounyan to AR, August 8th 1930, Brotherton Library.

28. Titty Altounyan to AR, 25 April 1932. Brotherton Library.

29. AR's diary, 14 April. Brotherton Library.

30. AR's diary, 11 May 1931.

31. AR's diary, April 1 1931.

32. Swallows and Amazons, illustrated by Clifford Webb, Jonathan Cape, 1931.

33. Hugh Brogan, The Life of Arthur Ransome, Jonathan Cape, 1984, pp. 341-4.

34. R.H.Kelsall, who featured in many of the "Hollywoods" recalls that Ransome refused to show his actors the photographs he had taken, saying he was ashamed to have to resort to them.

35. AR's diary, August 2, 1933.

36. Quoted by Brogan, The Life of Arthur Ransome, Jonathan Cape, 1984, p. 354.

37. Hugh Brogan, The Life of Arthur Ransome, Jonathan Cape, 1984, p. 341.

38. Pigeon Post, p. 149.

39. Pigeon Post, p. 277.

40. Pigeon Post, p. 169.

41. Pigeon Post, p. 251.

42. Pigeon Post, p. 333.

43. In the Abbot Hall collection.

44. Pigeon Post, p. 28.

45. Pigeon Post, p. 30.

46. Pigeon Post, p. 384.

47. Ransome's drawing titled the picture "The Hedge-Pig", identifying it as Titty's concept. Presumably because it is first placed within the text here as Titty is thinking of it with this name, Ransome instructs his title to be omitted.

48. Arthur Ransome, Edgar Allan Poe, p. 71.

49. A notion not developed here is that Swallows and Amazons and Swallowdale possess an enriched verbal intertextuality different from the later books precisely because when they were first conceived and written Ransome was not his own illustrator.